Sushi Glossary

Sushi is any dish made with vinegar rice, and is usually topped or filled with ingredients like raw fish, shrimp, mollusks, fish eggs or vegetables. Here is a list of sushi terms and their definitions.


Nigiri – thumb sized rice balls topped with your choice of raw or cooked fish, shrimp, crab or caviar

Sashimi – raw or cooked items with no rice

Maki – rolls that are cooked or raw with seaweed inside or outside, optionally sprinkled with sesame seeds or roe

Tamaki – also called hand rolls, made like an ice cream cone with rice and choice of raw or cooked items

Gunkan – known as battleships, thumb sized rice balls wrapped with seaweed and topped with caviar, scallop, spicy tuna, etc.


Maguro (Tuna)
Sake (Salmon)
Kusei Sake (Smoked Salmon)
Ebi (Shrimp)
Ika (Squid)
Saba (Mackerel)
Hamachi (Yellow Tail)
Tako (Octopus)
Hotate Gai (Scallop)
Unagi (Eel)
Hora Gai (Conch)
Hokki Gai (Surf Clam)
Masago (Smelt Roe)
Uzura (Smelt Roe with Quail Egg)
Ikura (Salmon Roe)
Salmon Roe with Quail Egg
Kani (Crab Stick)
Tamago (Sweet Egg)


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